In this section we have gathered some relevant academic research which explains the science behind Deep Cryogenic Treatment (DCT) and the affects it has on various materials.

To summarise, deep sub-zero temperatures physically changes the treated material leaving it stronger, tougher and harder.  The applications are almost limitless from drill teeth to brake discs to fish hooks to alloy wheels.

All will be stronger and longer lasting and able to withstand increased stress over an untreated part.

The technology to liquify gas is relatively new and it is still very uncommon in it's use, so unlike testing materials with high temperatures (e.g. quenching steel), testing the effects of deep sub-zero temperatures is still in it's infancy.  We have been sponsoring cryogenic studies at the University of Leicester for many years helping to further scientific knowledge in this fascinating field.

Below are a few research papers from a variety of sources which will get you started.  A quick google search will show many more academic studies however a lot of empirical testing remains confidential as enterprises (from military to mining to F1) see these performance and cost gains as a competitive edge and are naturally reluctant to share their findings.

The Effect of Cryogenic Treatments on 7075 Aluminum Alloy

Making the Case for a Short-Cycle DeepCryogenic Treatment for Tool Steels

Influence of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of AISI 440C Bearing Steel

Influence of cryogenic thermal treatment on mechanical properties of an Al–Cu–Mg alloy

Effectiveness of deep cryogenic treatment on carbide precipitation

Effect of tempering and deep cryogenic treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of Cr–Mo–V–Ni steel

Effects of deep cryogenic treatment and low-temperature aging on the mechanical properties of friction-stir-welded joints of 2024-T351 aluminum alloy

Effect of cryogenic treatment on mechanical properties and microstructure of aluminium 6082 alloy

Effect of a Deep Cryogenic Treatment on Wear and Microstructure of a 6101 Aluminum Alloy

Effect of chromium nitride coatings and cryogenic treatments on wear and fretting fatigue resistance of aluminum

Effect of Cryogenic Processing on Surface Roughness of Age Hardenable AA6061 Alloy

Comparison of Effects of Cryogenic Treatment on Different Types of Steels : A Review